Most of the publications from our lab can be found on Google Scholar pages for Chris and Elena

Koffel T, K Umemura, E Litchman, CA Klausmeier. 2022. A general framework for species-abundance distributions: linking traits and dispersal to explain commonness and rarity. Ecology Letters 25: 2359-2371.

Litchman E and MK Thomas. 2022. Are we underestimating the ecological and evolutionary effects of warming? Interactions with other drivers may exacerbate species vulnerability to high temperatures. Oikos, doi: 10.1111/oik.09155.

Litchman E. Understanding and predicting Harmful Algal Blooms in a changing climate: a trait-based framework. Limnology and Oceanography Letters, doi: 10.1002/lol2.10294.

Jurburg, S, N Eisenhauer, F Buscot, A Chatzinotas, N Chaudhari, A Heintz-Buschart, R Kallies, K Küsel, E Litchman, C Macdonald, S Müller, RC Reuben, U Nunes da Rocha, G Panagiotou, MC Rillig, B Singh. 2022. Potential of microbiome-based solutions for agrifood systems. Nature Food, doi: 10.1038/s43016-022-00576-x.

Anderson SI, G Franzè,  JD Kling, P Wilburn, CT Kremer, S Menden-Deuer, E Litchman, DA Hutchins and TA Rynearson. 2022. The interactive effects of temperature and nutrients on a spring phytoplankton community. Limnology and Oceanography 67: 634-645.

Litchman E, KF Edwards and PW Boyd. 2021. Towards trait-based food webs: universal traits and trait matching in planktonic predator-prey and host-parasite relationships. Limnology and Oceanography,

Safaie A, E Litchman and P Mantha. 2021. Decreasing groundwater supply can exacerbate lake warming and trigger algal blooms. JGR Biogeosciences,

O’Donnell, DR, S Beery and E Litchman. Temperature-dependent evolution of cell morphology, and carbon and nutrient content in a marine diatom. Limnology and Oceanography, in press.

Shchapov K, P Wilburn, AJ Bramburger, GM Silsbe, L Olmanson, CJ Crawford, E Litchman, T Ozersky. 2021. Taxonomic and functional differences between winter and summer crustacean zooplankton communities in lakes across a trophic gradient. Journal of Plankton Research,

Wollrab S, L Izmest’eva, SE Hampton, EA Silow, E Litchman and CA Klausmeier. 2021. Climate change-driven regime shifts in a planktonic food web. American Naturalist 197: 281-295.

Guittar J, T Koffel, A Shade, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2021. Resource competition and host feedbacks underlie regime shifts in gut microbiota. American Naturalist 198: 1-12.

Erdoğan Ş, M Beklioğlu, E Litchman, ET Miller, EE Levi, T Bucak and UN Tavşanoğlu. Determinants of phytoplankton size structure in warm, shallow lakes. Journal of Plankton Research 43: 353-366.

Ryabov A, O, Kerimoglu, E Litchman, I Olenina, L Roselli, A Basset, E Stanca and B Blasius. 2021. Shape matters: the relationship between cell geometry and diversity in phytoplankton. Ecology Letters 24: 847-861. 

Westoby M, DA Nielsen, MR Gillings, E Litchman, JS Madin, IT Paulsen and SG Tetu. 2021. Cell size, genome size and maximum growth rate are near-independent dimensions of ecological variation across bacteria and archaea. Ecology and Evolution 11: 3956–3976.

Van De Waal D and E Litchman. 2020. Multiple global change stressor effects on phytoplankton nutrient acquisition in a future ocean. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 275: 20190706.

Klausmeier CA, MM Osmond, CT Kremer and E Litchman. 2020. Ecological limits to evolutionary rescue. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B.

Madin JS et al. 2020. A synthesis of bacterial and archaeal phenotypic trait data. Nature Scientific Data, 7: 1-8.

Aranguren-Gassis M, CT Kremer, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2019. Nitrogen limitation inhibits marine diatom adaptation to high temperatures. Ecology Letters 22: 1860-1869.

Stockenreiter M and E Litchman. 2019.  Nitrogen-fixer enhances lipid overyielding in algal polycultures. Algal Research, doi: 10.1016/j.algal.2019.101676.

Guittar J, A Shade and E Litchman. 2019. Trait-based succession and community assembly of the infant gut microbiome. Nature Communications 10: 512.

O’Donnell DR, Z Du and E Litchman. 2019. Experimental evolution of phytoplankton fatty acid thermal reaction norms. Evolutionary Applications 12: 1201-1211. 

O’Donnell DR, E Johnson, C Hamman, CT Kremer, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2018. Rapid thermal adaptation in a marine diatom reveals constraints and trade-offs. Global Change Biology 24: 4554-4565.

Edwards KF, CT Kremer, ET Miller, MM Osmond, E Litchman and CA Klausmeier. 2018. Evolutionarily stable communities: a framework for understanding the role of trait evolution in the maintenance of diversity. Ecology Letters21: 1853-1868.

Nalley JO, DR O’Donnell and E Litchman. 2018. Temperature effects on growth rates and fatty acid content in freshwater microalgae and cyanobacteria. Algal Research 35: 500-507.

Thomas MK, M Aranguren-Gassis, CT Kremer, MR Gould, K Anderson, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2017. Temperature-nutrient interactions exacerbate sensitivity to warming in phytoplankton. Global Change Biology 23: 3269–3280.

Safaie A, E Litchman and M.S. Phanikumar. 2017. Evaluating the role of groundwater in circulation and thermal structure of a deep inland lake. Advances in Water Resources 108: 310-327.

Ryan C, MK Thomas and E Litchman. 2017. The effects of phosphorus and temperature on the competitive success of an invasive cyanobacterium. Aquatic Ecology 51:463-472.

Meunier CL, M Boersma, R El-Sabaawi, H Halvorson, EM Herstoff, DB Van de Waal, RJ Vogt and E Litchman. 2017. From elements to function: toward unifying ecological stoichiometry and trait-based ecology. Frontiers in Environmental Science. doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2017.00018.

O’Donnell DR, P Wilburn, E Silow, LY Yampolsky and E Litchman. 2017. Nitrogen and phosphorus co-limitation of phytoplankton in Lake Baikal, Siberia: insights from the lake survey and nutrient enrichment experiments. Limnology and Oceanography 62: 1383–1392.

Kremer CT, MK Thomas and E Litchman. 2017. Scaling of phytoplankton growth rate with temperature and size: reconciling the Eppley curve and metabolic theory of ecology framework. Limnology and Oceanography 62: 1658-1670.

Roselli L, E Litchman, E Stanca, F Cozzoli and A Basset. 2017. Individual trait variation in phytoplankton communities across multiple spatial scales. Journal of Plankton Research 39: 577-588.

Yema L, E Litchman and P De Tezanos Pinto. 2016. The role of heterocytes in the physiology and ecology of bloom-forming harmful cyanobacteria. Harmful Algae 60: 131-138.

Edwards KF, MK Thomas, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2016. Phytoplankton growth and the interaction of light and temperature: a synthesis at the species and community level. Limnology and Oceanography 61: 1232–1244.

Zhang F, O Ennasr, E Litchman and X Tan. 2016. Autonomous sampling of water columns using gliding robotic fish: algorithms and harmful algae sampling experiments. IEEE Systems Journal 10: 1271-1281.

Lewandowska A and 33 others. 2016. The influence of balanced and imbalanced resource supply on biodiversity-functioning relationship across ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 371.

Thomas MK, CT Kremer and E Litchman. 2016. Environment and evolutionary history determine the global biogeography of phytoplankton temperature traits. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 75-86.

Bonachela JA, CA Klausmeier, KF Edwards, E Litchman and SA Levin. 2016. The role of phytoplankton diversity in the emergent oceanic stoichiometry. Journal of Plankton Research doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbv087.

Thomas MK and E Litchman. 2016. Interactive effects of temperature, nitrogen availability and toxicity on the growth of invasive and native cyanobacteria. Hydrobiologia 763: 357-369.

Litchman E, P de Tezanos Pinto, KF Edwards, CT Kremer, CA Klausmeier, MK Thomas.  2015. Global biogeochemical impacts of phytoplankton: a trait-based perspective. Journal of Ecology 103: 1384-1396.

Litchman E, KF Edwards and CA Klausmeier. 2015. Microbial resource utilization traits and trade-offs: implications for community structure, functioning and biogeochemical impacts at present and in the future. Frontiers in Microbiology 6: 254. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00254.

Edwards, KF, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2015. Nutrient utilization traits in phytoplankton. Data paper. Ecology96: 2311.

Zhang F, O Ennasr, E Litchman and X Tan. 2015. Autonomous sampling of water columns using gliding robotic fish: Control algorithms and field experiments. Proceedings of 2015 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pp. 517-522.

Edwards KF, MK Thomas, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2015. Light and growth in marine phytoplankton: allometric, taxonomic, and environmental variation. Limnology and Oceanography 60: 540-552.

Nalley JO, M Stockenreiter and E Litchman. 2014. Community ecology of algal biofuels: complementarity and trait-based approaches. Industrial Biotechnology 10: 191-201. 

Zhang F, J Wang, J Thon, C Thon, E Litchman and X Tan. 2014. Gliding robotic fish for mobile sampling of aquatic environments. Invited. IEEE 11th Conference Proceedings on Networking, Sensing, and Control: 167-172.

Kreft J-U, CM Plugge, V Grimm, C Prats, JHJ Leveau, T Banitz, S Baines, J Clark, A Ros, I Klapper, CJ Topping, AJ Field, A Schuler, E Litchman, FL Hellweger. 2013. Mighty small: observing and modeling individual microbes becomes big science. PNAS 110: 18027–18028.

Shurin JB, RL Abbott, MS Deal, G Kwan, E Litchman, R McBride, S Mandal and VH Smith. 2013. Industrial-strength ecology: Tradeoffs and opportunities in algal biofuel production. Ecology Letters 16: 1393-1404. 

Edwards KF, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2013. A three-way tradeoff maintains functional diversity under variable resource supply. American Naturalist 182: 786-800. 

Edwards KF, E Litchman and CA Klausmeier. 2013. Functional traits predict variation in phytoplankton community structure across lakes of the United States. Ecology 94: 1626–1635.

Boyd PW, TA Rynearson, EA Armstrong, F-X Fu, K Hayashi, Z Hu, DA Hutchins, RM Kudela, E Litchman, MR Mulholland, U Passow, RF Strzepek, KA Whittaker, E Yu and MK Thomas. Marine phytoplankton temperature versus growth responses from polar to tropical waters - outcome of a scientific community-wide study. PLoS ONE 8 (5): e63091.

Litchman E, MD Ohman and T Kiørboe. 2013. Trait-based approaches to zooplankton communities. Journal of Plankton Research. Horizons paper. 35: 473-484.

Barton AD, AJ Pershing, E Litchman, NR Record, KF Edwards, ZV Finkel, T Kiørboe and BA Ward. 2013. The biogeography of marine plankton traits. Ecology Letters 16: 522-534.

Edwards KF, E Litchman and CA Klausmeier. 2013. Functional traits explain phytoplankton community structure and seasonal dynamics in a marine ecosystem. Ecology Letters 16: 56-63.

Litchman E, KF Edwards, CA Klausmeier and MK Thomas. 2012. Phytoplankton niches, traits and eco-evolutionary responses to global environmental change. Theme section on Biological responses in an anthropogenically modified ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series 470: 235-248.

Thomas MK, CT Kremer, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2012. A global pattern of thermal adaptation in marine phytoplankton. Science 338: 1085-1088. 

Edwards KF, MK Thomas, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2012. Allometric scaling and taxonomic variation in nutrient utilization traits and growth rates of marine and freshwater phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 57: 554-566.

Klausmeier CA and E Litchman. 2012. Successional dynamics in the seasonally forced diamond food web. American Naturalist 180: 1-16.

Steiner CF, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2012. Transient dynamics and the destabilizing effects of weak trophic interactions in aquatic food webs. Ecology 93: 632-644.

Mellard JP, K Yoshiyama, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2012. Experimental test of the phytoplankton competition for light and nutrient in poorly mixed water columns. Ecological Monographs 82: 239-256.

Stomp M, J Huisman, GG Mittelbach, E Litchman and CA Klausmeier. 2011. Large scale biodiversity gradients in freshwater phytoplankton. Ecology 92: 2096-2107.

Edwards KF, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2011. Evidence for a three-way tradeoff between nitrogen and phosphorus competitive abilities and cell size in phytoplankton. Ecology 92: 2085-2095. 

Izmest’eva LR, EA Silow and E Litchman. 2011. Long-term dynamics of the Lake Baikal pelagic phytoplankton under climate change. Inland Water Biology 4: 301-307.

Schwaderer AS, K Yoshiyama, P de Tezanos Pinto, NG Swenson, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2011. Eco-evolutionary differences in light utilization traits and distributions of freshwater phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 56: 589-598. Highlighted in Faculty of 1000.

Mellard JP, K Yoshiyama, E Litchman and CA Klausmeier. 2011. The vertical distribution of phytoplankton in stratified water columns. Journal of Theoretical Biology 269: 16-30.

Litchman E 2010. Invisible invaders: non-pathogenic invasive microbes in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 13: 1560-1572.

Litchman E, P de Tezanos Pinto, CA Klausmeier, MK Thomas and K Yoshiyama. 2010. Linking traits to species diversity and community structure in phytoplankton. Invited review. Hydrobiologia 653: 15-38.

De Tezanos Pinto P and E Litchman. 2010. Interactive effects of N:P ratios and light on nitrogen-fixer abundance. Oikos 119: 567-575.

De Tezanos Pinto P and E Litchman. 2010. Eco-physiological responses of nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria to light. Hydrobiologia 639: 63-68.

MacKay MD, PJ Neale, CD Arp, LN De Senerpont Domis, X Fang, G Gal, KD Jöhnk, G Kirillin, JD Lenters, E Litchman, S MacIntyre, P Marsh, J Melack, WM Mooij, F Peeters, A Quesada, SG Schladow, M Schmid, C Spence and SL Stokes. 2009. Modeling lakes and reservoirs in the climate system. Limnology and Oceanography 54: 2315-2329. 

Steiner CF, AS Schwaderer, V Huber, CA Klausmeier and E Litchman. 2009. Periodically forced food chain dynamics: model predictions and experimental validation. Ecology 90: 3099–3107.

Yoshiyama K, JP Mellard, E Litchman and CA Klausmeier. 2009. Phytoplankton competition for nutrients and light in a stratified water column. American Naturalist 174: 190-203.

Litchman E, CA Klausmeier and K Yoshiyama. 2009. Contrasting size evolution in marine and freshwater diatoms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: 2665-2670. 

Litchman E and BLV Nguyen. 2008. Alkaline phosphatase activity as a function of internal phosphorus concentration in freshwater phytoplankton. Journal of Phycology 44:1379-1383.

Litchman E and CA Klausmeier. 2008. Trait-based community ecology of phytoplankton. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 39: 615-639.

Klausmeier CA, E Litchman, T Daufresne and SA Levin. 2008. Phytoplankton stoichiometry. Ecological Research 23: 479-485.

Klausmeier CA, E Litchman and SA Levin. 2007. A model of flexible uptake of two essential resources. Journal of Theoretical Biology 246: 278-289.

Litchman E, CA Klausmeier, OM Schofield and PG Falkowski. 2007. The role of functional traits and trade-offs in structuring phytoplankton communities: scaling from cellular to ecosystem level. Ecology Letters 10: 1170-1181. 

Litchman E, CA Klausmeier, JR Miller, OM Schofield and PG Falkowski. 2006. Multi-nutrient, multi-group model of present and future oceanic phytoplankton communities. Biogeosciences 3: 585-606.

Litchman E and PJ Neale. 2005. UV effects on photosynthesis, growth and acclimation of an estuarine diatom and cryptomonad. Marine Ecology Progress Series 300: 53-62.

Kay AD, IW Ashton, E Gorokhova, AJ Kerkhoff, A Liess and E Litchman. 2005. Toward a stoichiometric framework for evolutionary biology. Oikos 109: 6-17.

Litchman E, CA Klausmeier and P Bossard. 2004. Phytoplankton nutrient competition under dynamic light regimes. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1457-1462.

Klausmeier CA, Litchman E, Daufresne T, Levin SA. 2004. Optimal N:P stoichiometry      of phytoplankton. Nature429: 171-174.

Klausmeier CA, E Litchman and SA Levin. 2004. Phytoplankton growth and stoichiometry under multiple nutrient limitation. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1463-1470.

Litchman E. 2003. Competition and coexistence of phytoplankton under fluctuating light: experiments with two cyanobacteria. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 31: 241-248.

Litchman E, D Steiner and P Bossard. 2003. Photosynthetic and growth responses of three freshwater algae to phosphorus limitation and daylength. Freshwater Biology 48: 2141-2148.

Litchman E, PJ Neale and AT Banaszak. 2002. Increased sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation in nitrogen-limited dinoflagellates: photoprotection and repair. Limnology and Oceanography 47: 86-94. 

Klausmeier CA and E Litchman. 2001. Algal games: the vertical distribution of phytoplankton in poorly mixed water columns. Limnology and Oceanography 46: 1998-2007.

Callieri C, G Morabito, Y Huot, PJ Neale and E Litchman. 2001. Photosynthetic response of pico- and nanoplanktonic algae to UVB, UVA and PAR in a high mountain lake. Aquatic Sciences 63: 286-293.

Neale PJ, E Litchman, C Sobrino, C Callieri, G Morabito, V Montecino, Y Huot, P Bossard, C Lehmann and D Steiner. 2001. Quantifying the response of phytoplankton photosynthesis to ultraviolet radiation: biological weighting functions versus in situ measurements in two Swiss lakes. Aquatic Sciences 63: 265-285.

Köhler J, M Schmitt, H Krumbeck, M Kapfer, E Litchman and PJ Neale. 2001. Effects of UV on carbon assimilation of phytoplankton in a mixed water column. Aquatic Sciences 63: 294-309.

Litchman E and CA Klausmeier. 2001. Competition of phytoplankton under fluctuating light. American Naturalist 157: 170–187.

Litchman E 2000. Growth rates of phytoplankton under fluctuating light. Freshwater Biology 44: 223–235.

Litchman E 1998. Population and community responses of phytoplankton to fluctuating light. Oecologia 117: 247–257.